industry info Archives

Hyster forklift fluid specs

Q: What lubricants do I use on my Hyster or Yale forklift?

A: It depends. Using the wrong lubricants on your forklift can damage the truck and put its operator in danger. Check below for the correct fluid specs for various models of Hyster and Yale trucks.

For Hyster models S30FT, S35FT, S40FT, H30FT, H35FT, H40FT
and Yale models GLC030VX, GLC035VX, GLC040VX, GLP030VX, GLP035VX, GLP040VX:

 transmission = John Deere JDM J20CIntella Liftparts Hyster forklift

•  Mazda 2.0L gasoline engine = SAE 5W-20 (20°F and below), SAE 5W-30 (60°F and below), or SAE 5w-30 (0°F and above); API: SL; ILSAC: GF3; SAE: J2362

•  Mazda 2.2L gasoline engine = SAE 5W-20(20°F and below), SAE 5W-30 (60°F and below), or SAE 5W-30 (0°F and above); API: SL; ILSAC: GF3; SAE: J2362

•  GM 2.4L gasoline engine = SAE 5W-20 (20°F and below), SAE 5W-30 (60°F and below), or SAE 5W-30 (0°F and above); API: SL; ILSAC: GF3; SAE: J2362

 Yanmar 2.6L and 3.3L diesel engine = SAE 40 (68°F and above), SAE 30 (50 to 86°F), SAE 20 (32 to 68°F), SAE 15W-40 (3 to 103°F), SAE 5W-30 (-4 to 86°F), SAE 20W (14 to 50°F), or SAE 10W (-4 to 50°F)

 cooling system for Mazda 2.0L and 2.2L engines = 50% water and 50% ethylene glycol boron-free antifreeze

 cooling system for GM 2.4L engine = 50% water and 50% ethylene glycol boron-free antifreeze

•  cooling system for Yanmar 2.6L and 3.3L engines = 50% water and 50% ethylene glycol boron-free antifreeze

•  transmission oil for dry brakes = John Deere JDM J20C

•  mast (sliding surfaces and load roller surfaces) = multipurpose grease

 lift chains = SAE 30W engine oil

•  brake master cylinder rod end pin = SAE 5W-30; API: SL; ILSAC: GF3; SAE: J2362  Forklift brake shoes and brake systems here.

•  manual hydraulic hand levers = SAE 5W-30; API: SL; ILSAC: GF3; SAE: J2362

•  brake fluid (master cylinder, dry brakes) = SAE J-1703, DOT-3

 brake oil (master cylinder, wet brakes) = Dexron III from sealed container

•  differential and drive axle oil (dry brakes, S40-70FT, S55FTS) = SAE 80W-90 or SAE 85W-140

•  differential and drive axle oil (dry brakes, H40-70FT) = SAE 80W-90 or SAE 85W-140

 transmission oil (wet brakes, H40-70FT) = John Deere JDM J20C

 wet brake axle (planetary housing oil, center section oil) = John Deere JDM J20C

SIS forklift radar

For Hyster models S80FT, S100FT, S120FT, H80FT, H100FT, H120FT
and Yale models GLC080VX, GLC100VX, GLC120VX, GLP080VX, GLP100VX, GLP120VX:

 GM 4.3L gasoline engine oil = SAE 5W-20 (20°F and below), SAE 5W-30 (60°F and below), or SAE 5W-30 (0°F and above); API: SM; ILSAC: GF4; SAE: J2362

 Cummins 4.5L diesel engine oil = SAE 0W-30 (32°F and below), SAE 5W-30 (-13 to 68°F), SAE 10-30 (-4 to 68°F), or SAE 5W-40 or 15W-40 (5°F and above); API: CH-4 or CI-4

 Cummins 3.3L diesel engine oil = SAE 0W-30 (32°F and below), SAE 5W-30 (-13 to 68°F), SAE 10-30 (-4 to 68°F), or SAE 5W-40 or 15W-40 (5°F and above); API: CH-4 or CI-4

 transmission oil (dry brake) = John Deere JDM J20C

 fork latches = multipurpose grease

 brake oil (master cylinder) = Dexron III from sealed container

 differential and drive axle oil (dry brake) = SAE 80W-90 or 85W-140

 transmission and wet brake planetary carrier housing oil = John Deere JDM J20C

 wet brake center section oil = SAE 80W-90

Post by Intella Liftparts

Forklift seat belt laws

Learn more about forklift seat belt safety.

Do forklift operators have to wear seat belts? Do forklifts even have to have seat belts? These are questions that all forklift owners have likely asked at some point. With forklifts being used in so many different situations and circumstances, safety laws are very important. Here’s a simple question-and-answer about the basics of the forklift seat belts use.

forklift seat belt laws

Q: Do forklifts have to have seat belts included when they are manufactured?

A: Essentially, yes. Every truck manufactured after 1992 must include some form of restraining system with the purpose of protecting the operator from falling out of the truck if the truck tips over. A seat belt is one of the cheapest and most effective methods of doing this, so it is the most commonly used restraint system.


Q: What about forklifts manufactured before 1992? Must they be retrofitted with seat belts?

A: Pretty much, yes. By OSHA standards, an employer is required to protect his or her employees from all workplace hazards, and powered industrial trucks like forklifts are widely recognized as workplace hazards. Thus, if an employer has been made aware of this risk and is capable of retrofitting a seat belt (or other restraining system) to his or her truck, it’s essentially a case of negligence if he or she does not do so. OSHA can write up an employer for this.


Q: If the forklift has a seat belt attached, must the operator wear it?

A: Yes. If there is any form of restraining system on the truck (as there should be, post-1992), it must be used while the forklift is in use. This includes seat belts, regardless of how often the operator has to get on and off the forklift.


Q: Who is at fault if an operator doesn’t use a seat belt?

A: It depends. There have been cases of both an employer and an employee being at fault. In the past, employees have gotten fired for ignoring seat belts while operating forklifts. However, employers have also gotten fined for not providing working restraining systems (an obvious offense) or not properly training employees on safety standards. In short, it benefits both employer and employee if everyone makes an effort to stay safe.


Q: What if an operator doesn’t fit in the standard forklift seat belt?

A: Don’t worry. Intella offers seat belt extensions for precisely this reason. Click here for more information.


Need Hyster forklift seats or a toyota forklift seat … We got them! Need to find a different forklift seat? We’ve got you covered!


Post by Intella Liftparts

Forklift injuries and how you can prevent them

In 2013, there were a total of 4,585 fatal work-related injuries in the United States. An estimated 100 of those fatal injuries were caused by forklifts. On top of that, there are an estimated 34,000 forklift injuries in our country each year. It’s clear that forklifts can be dangerous pieces of equipment, and when not used in the right environments with the right training, they can be harmful and deadly.

Q: What are the leading causes of forklift injuries?

A: Based on data from 1980 through 1994 provided by the CDC, the main causes of fatalities involving forklifts or other powered industrial vehicles include the following:

•  22% due to forklift overturns

•  20% due to a victim being hit by a forklift

• 16% due to a victim being crushed by a forklift

•  9% due to the victim falling from the forklift

According to a 1999 study, the most common cause of forklift-related injury is when a pedestrian is struck by a forklift (or other powered industrial vehicle), a load being carried by a forklift, or another object that had been hit by a forklift.

Q: How does a forklift injury affect your business?

A: Over 40% of forklift injuries led to an employee being absent from work, with an average of 61 days absent per injury among this group. This can result in huge losses in productivity. Placing emphasis on a safe workplace and safe operator techniques is not only the right thing to do, it is also the smart one.

Q: How can you make your workplace safer?

A: Proper training is the best way to prevent forklift accidents. However, it is not the only way to keep your workers and pedestrians safe. According to OSHA, a safe workplace is one that avoids…

•  narrow, unorganized, and crowded aisles

•  blockages at intersections and doors

•  heavy traffic in a forklift work area

•  loud noises that prevent communication and/or drown out warning signals

•  dust and toxic gases that can harm the forklift

•  poor lighting that might obscure the forklift

•  disrepair of loading docks

•  any forklift load that is poorly stacked, too heavy, too large, or stacked on a pallet that may break

In addition, make sure that your forklift is regularly maintained and does not get too old to function properly. Never let your operators go too fast on the forklift, and avoid using any inappropriate attachments on the vehicle. Finally, make sure that there is clear communication between a forklift operator and the workers and pedestrians around him. No amount of guidelines can prevent every hazardous situation, so it is critical that an operator and those around him can work together to handle these cases.

If you’re looking for specific ways to make your forklift work area safer for pedestrians, consider the following suggestions:

•  use specific walkways for pedestrians in forklift traffic areas

•  don’t let pedestrians enter areas in which forklifts are presently operating

•  make sure the operator is aware of any pedestrians near his forklift

•  sound the forklift’s horn at any intersection, blind corner, doorway, or entrance to a narrow aisle

•  consider installing forklift mirrors

•  never let pedestrians walk beneath raised forks

•  avoid driving forklifts in areas or during times of high pedestrian traffic

Hopefully, with these guidelines, you, your fellow workers, and any pedestrians in your area will stay safe and aware of the dangers that come with working around forklifts. They’re essential tools for any successful industry, but that benefit shouldn’t come at the cost of workplace safety.

forklift injuries

Check out some of our most popular safety products below, including warning signs, mirrors, horns, and our signature blue forklift safety light.

Blue spot sign for blue forklift lights Intella safety


Forklift blue light 12-96V 01291296 UL listed Intella

forklift mirror Intella safety

Post by Intella Liftparts

How much does your forklift weigh?

How much does your forklift weigh? It’s important to know the weight of your forklift when transporting it, driving it on trailers, moving it in an elevator, or using it in multi-story buildings. You don’t want your forklift to drop through the floor, causing thousands of dollars of damage and injuring workers!


The service weight of a forklift is different than its lift capacity.  Service weight refers to the actual weight of the forklift, including its battery and any attachments it has.  The best place to find the service weight of a forklift is on the forklift’s data tag.  Alternatively, you can search forklift manufacturer websites for product specification pages, but the truck’s data tag is typically preferred over this option. In addition, an industry rule of thumb is that the service weight of the forklift will generally be 1.5 to 2 times the lifting capacity of the forklift.  For example, if your forklift can lift 5,000 pounds, generally the weight of the forklift will be somewhere between 7,500 and 10,000 pounds.  But remember, this is simply a rough standard, and manufacturer information or the forklift’s data tag should always be prioritized.


See below for the weight of some of the most common models of the most widely-used forklift brands. The downloadable table lists the weight in pounds of Hyster, Komatsu, Crown, Toyota, Caterpillar, Yale, Clark, and Nissan forklift models. For starters, here are the weights of the most common models from these manufacturers.


blue forklift light


Q: How much does a Hyster H50FT forklift weigh?

A: 8,924 lbs.  (with NL; 3-stage, 189″ mast height)


Q: How much does a Komatsu FG18HT-20 forklift weigh?

A: 6,340 lbs. (2-stage, standard mast)


Q: How much does a Crown 4520-30 forklift weigh?

A: 5,974 lbs. (standard truck w/o battery)


Q: How much does a Toyota 8FGCU25 forklift weigh?

A: 8,000 lbs. (2 stage, 131.5” mast height)


Q: How much does a Caterpillar C5000 forklift weigh?

A:  8,157 lbs. (standard truck, empty)


Q: How much does a Yale GLC050 forklift weigh?

A: 9,016 lbs. (standard estimate)


Q: How much does a Clark CMP25 forklift weigh?

A: 8,254 lbs. (standard)


Download a PDF of the full table here: forklift weights by Intella Liftparts

Post by Intella Liftparts

Forklift parts history

Ever want to know a little more about the history of your favorite forklift parts brand? We can help!

Forklifts were developed in the early 20th century. It was a group effort to bring it where it stands today; Clark developed the transmission and Yale & Towne are credited with the hoist. The market did not take off until World War II when forklifts were needed to help in warehouses of supplies.

The design has changed throughout history to improve the efficiency. The truck is narrower to increase warehouse capacities, more ergonomic to reduce injuries and of course keep the operator comfortable when using. As safety standards change, so does the forklift. There are now emission standards, load back rests, guards over the heads of the operators and even national standards of safety specifically set for forklifts. They sure have come a long way since the original pallet truck!

•  Read more about the Caterpillar Forklift Parts History here.

•  If Clark is more your style, read more about the history of Clark Forklift Parts here.

•  If newer trucks made by Crown are what you’re interested in, read more about Crown Forklift Parts History here.

•  Did you know Raymond merged with a Swedish company and then was acquired by Toyota Material Handling? Read more about Raymond Forklift Parts History here.

•  Toyota was founded 30 years before it produced its first forklift. Read more about the history of Toyota Forklift Parts here.

•  Curious who founded Yale? (Hint: it was Linus Yale Jr.) Check out Yale Forklift Parts History here.

•  The “Handy Andy” and “Handy Harry” are just a few developments in the history of Hyster. Read more about the history of Hyster Forklift Parts here.

•  What heavy duty forklifts are most popular in ports around the world? Kalmar. Read more about Kalmar Forklift Parts history here.

Post by Intella Liftparts

Do you know the world’s top forklift brands?

Note: Shop Linde Forklift Parts now.

In the past decade, the forklift industry has undergone many changes. Due in part to the recession of 2007-2009, a shift in technology and lift truck fleet management has led to a reconfiguration of how forklifts are used in larger industries. Lift truck users since the recession have been focusing on long-term solutions for their ventures, in turn affecting the role that forklifts play in their daily business operations.

Recently, however, such significant shifts have begun to level out. According to the Worldwide Industrial Truck Statistics organization, global lift truck orders in 2013 increased by 7% as compared to 2012. While orders in Europe have yet to recover, shipments to North America and South America have increasedand shipments to Asia have jumped up a shocking 46% since 2008. In recent years, the Americas have actually shown the strongest growth in lift truck orders of the six global regions, which include Africa and Oceania.

The rankings

The 2014 edition of the Top 20 lift truck suppliers, a list released annually by Modern Materials Handling, also shows a steady leveling of the forklift market in recent years. Since 2011, Toyota Industries Corporation, encompassing brands like Toyota and Raymond, has been the world’s No. 1 lift truck supplier. It remains ahead of constant second place KION Group, which is recognized in North America by its brand Linde. In the 2014 report, Jungheinrich, Hyster-Yale, Crown, Mitsubishi, and UniCarriers make up spots 3 through 7, respectively, with other familiar brands like Komatsu, Clark, and Doosan filling spots 10 through 12.

The moneymakers

The top five lift truck suppliers have all been on a growth trend since 2011. Between 2013 and 2014, Toyota revenues increased 12%, as did the revenues of KION between 2011 and 2012. In general, these increases have been attributed to the acquisition of smaller companies (Toyota buying out Cascade Corp., for example) and the launch of new lift truck models. In addition, growth in Asian, European, and American markets showed an increase in demand for lift trucks and associated products.

At this point, the revenue needed to claim a Top 10 spot is $900 million. The closest company to reaching this goal is Clark Material Handling International, ranked eleventh with $708 million in revenue. In addition, the total revenue of all companies in the Top 20 list approaches $31.5 billion, a figure that has increased almost 20% since 2011. Above all, this increase indicates the extent to which the lift truck industry has not only stabilized but even grown in recent years amid recovery from the 2007-2009 recession. As Brian Butler, president and CEO of Linde Material Handling North America puts it, “Customers are becoming smarter about materials handling in general.” Consumers have begun recognizing lift trucks as long-term opportunities, not just necessities, and MMH’s 2014 Top 20 list reflects this.

For more information, visit, the source for this post.

Post by Intella Liftparts

Forklift operator training

Thinking of getting an employee certified as a forklift operator?

Here are some things you should know before you begin the process.


According to the Occupational Safety and Health Association (OSHA), about 70% of all lift truck incidents in the US can be avoided with appropriate implementation of safety training. The most common of these incidents include forklifts being driven off loading docks, forklifts falling between docks and trailers, workers being struck by forklifts, or workers falling off of elevated pallets or forks.   Other dangers include improper use of forklift jacks.  In light of all of these dangers, the best way to keep yourself and your employees safe is to train competent operators and make sure that your equipment and forklifts are functioning properly.


Keep in mind that it is federal law that no person below the age of 18 ever operate or ride on a forklift truck. In addition, no person, even above the age of 18, may operate a lift truck who is not properly trained and certified to do so.


Q: How do I train a forklift operator?

forkiftA: To become certified, an employee must first be trained. OSHA
requires employers to create and use a training program that makes use of both formal training (video, lecture, presentation, etc.) and practical training (demonstration and exercises in the forklift).


Q: How often must I re-evaluate my forklift operators?

A: At least once every three years.


Q: What must a valid forklift operator training program include?

A: Training programs can be either purchased or developed by the employer, but a valid program must cover the following topics, paraphrased directly from OSHA regulation:


•  Operating instructions and warnings for the types of truck the operator will be authorized to operate.

•  Differences between a lift truck and an automobile.

•  Truck controls and instrumentation: where they are located, what they do, and how they work.

•  Engine or motor operation, steering and maneuvering, and load manipulation, stacking, and unstacking.

•  Visibility (including restrictions due to loading).

•  Fork and attachment adaptation, operation, and use limitations, as well as composition of loads to be carried and load stability.

•  Vehicle capacity and stability, especially on ramps and other sloped surfaces.

•  Inspection and maintenance that the operator will be required to perform.

•  Refueling and/or charging and recharging of batteries.

•  Surface conditions where the vehicle will be operated.

•  Pedestrian traffic in areas where the vehicle will be operated.

•  Restricted places and hazardous locations where the vehicle will be operated.


Employees still in training may not operate a forklift unless under the direct supervision of a certified operator. If a certified operator uses a lift truck in an unsafe way or is involved in an accident with a lift truck, he or she may be subject to a suspended certification and a session of refresher training before he or she may operate a lift truck again.


Q: How can I get a trained operator certified?

forklift warning signA: A certification in accordance with OSHA standards includes the name of the operator, the date of his or her training and evaluation, and the name of the person (or people) performing the training and evaluation. In order to receive certification, employees must show adequate mastery of the training topics listed above.


Again, training/certification programs can either be purchased or developed by an employer. In order for an employer to develop his or her own program, he or she must first take an OSHA trainer course that provides certification as a trainer. For more information on these and other regulations, see the sources below.

Post by Intella Liftparts

How much can my forklift lift?

“How much weight can my forklift lift?”  It’s a common question for many and the answer starts by looking at the forklift data tag on your forklift.


Q: What is a forklift data tag?

A: A forklift data tag, also called a nameplate, load plate, or data plate, concisely displays information about the lift truck for the use of its operator. According to OSHA, all operators must be trained in reading a data tag and understanding what it means so as to maintain a safe work environment for all employees near or in contact with the truck. A truck cannot legally be operated without a readable data tag.



forklift data tag intella forklift parts

Q: What does a forklift data tag look like?

A: A standard data tag is shown to the right. By OSHA regulation, the tag must be durable, corrosion-resistant, and legible. It is often displayed near the driver’s seat for easy accessibility, and it typically includes some sort of warning about proper use of the lift truck. Be sure to read this warning.



Q: How do I read a forklift data tag?

A: The information on a data tag can look daunting, but with familiarity, reading it can be quite straightforward.

 Model, type, and serial number are often displayed near the top of the data tag.

 Mast information is sometimes displayed on the tag as well. In the example above, it is shown in the bottom half of the tag with the use of a diagram. Other tags may include this information without a diagram in the upper half of the tag. Mast information includes maximum height, number of stages, and sometimes maximum degree of tilt.

 Truck weight is often displayed in the upper half of the tag.

 Capacity and load center are typically shown in a table-like format. They are in table format to include room for the capacity and load center when certain attachments are used.

•  Somewhere on the tag, designation of compliance with safety standard requirements must be present, which is the responsibility of the manufacturer. Often the data tag itself has a type of serial number as well, so that it can be tracked if need be.

 Information on wheels, tires, and batteries may also be included, but this is not necessary by OSHA standards.

Yale data tag intella forklift parts
tag layouts can vary – notice that this one does not have capacity data in table format

Yale data tag intella forklift parts
this Yale tag has a more typical tabular layout, with a diagram to the right

Q: When do I need a new forklift data tag?

A: If you add a new attachment that changes the configuration of the forklift, you need to order a new data tag from the manufacturer.  Some manufacturers provide these at no charge, others charge up to $150 per tag.  When ordering the data tag, the manufacturer will want to know any attachments that have been installed on the forklift after the forklift was shipped from the factory.  Attachments such as side shifters, clamps, rotators, fork positioners, etc change the capacity of the forklift.


Q: How do I determine lift capacity from a forklift model number?

A: There are some simple ways of knowing the lift capacity of a forklift without looking at the data tag.  While the data tag is the most reliable method of checking capacity,  the model usually designates the standard lifting capacity of the forklift without any attachments.


American manufacturers such as Hyster, Yale, Crown, and Raymond will typically have a number designation in their model which, if multiplied by 100 will equate to the rough lifting capacity of the forklift.  For example, a Hyster S50FT will have a lifting capacity of 5,000 pounds before any attachments are installed.  A Yale GLC120 will have an estimated lifting capacity of 12,000 pounds before any attachments.


Toyota 7FGU25 data tag intella forklift parts
this Toyota 7FGU25 has a capacity of 2,500 kg normally – but it has an attachment that changes this capacity

Japanese manufacturers such as Toyota, Nissan, Komatsu, Mitsubishi, TCM, NYK will designate the lifting capacity in metric form.  A Toyota 7FGCU25 will have a lifting capacity of 2,500 kilograms or 2500 x 2.2 pounds per kilogram = 5,500 pounds.  A TCM FCG15 will have a lifting capacity of 1,500 kilograms (x 2.2 for pounds).


These are only general guidelines and useful for determining approximate lifting capacity from the model number before any attachments are added.  If you want to know the exact lifting capacity of any forklift, check out the data tag!



For more information, see

Post by Intella Liftparts